Obesity in Adults

Question

Two annotated bibliography on obesity in adults mainly ages 26-50. References have to be from the United States between the years 2011-2020 from a peer reviewed journal.
Review articles, analysis, meta-analysis, editorial, book reviews, letters to the editor, or commentary, etc cannot be used.
Research must take place and include (human) participants in the U.S.

Sample Essay

Annotated Bibliography: Obesity in Adults

Befort, C. A., Nazir, N., & Perri, M. G. (2012). “Prevalence of obesity among adults from rural and urban areas of the United States: findings from NHANES (2005‐2008).” The Journal of Rural Health28(4), 392-397.

            This resourceful scholarly article compares the prevalence of obesity both in America’s rural and urban areas. Befort, Nazir, and Perri (2012) obtained a sample of adults whose ages ranged from 20 to 75 years to assess their health conditions. They placed more emphasis on the racial differences, level of income, the region of residence, weight and height differences. From their study, it is evident that obesity is highly common among American adults who reside in rural areas as compared to those who live in the city regions.

            According to this study, 39.6% of adults who reside in US rural areas are obese as compared to 33.4% of adults in the urban regions. The scholarly resource provides a candid recommendation approach to reducing obesity among adults in America. First, the study revealed that prolonged inactivity is associated with high levels of obesity among adults in urban regions. Therefore, it is high time for adults to embrace physical exercise to reduce the chances of being obese (Befort, Nazir & Perri, 2012). Additionally, the researchers noted concerns about the types of food that adults eat in rural areas and urban regions. The processed foods and meals rich in fats that people living in urban regions like to eat have a connection to obesity; therefore, it is crucial for them to change their diets.

            Overall, both federal and state governments should increase awareness in both rural and urban areas on the health effects of being obese. Based on the high prevalence rates recorded in rural areas, relevant health departments should work closely with the nutritionists, families, schools, and all stakeholders to promote good health among adults. This study plays an important role by providing facts that future researchers can use for further studies on the same topic.

Cohen, A. K., Rehkopf, D. H., Deardorff, J., & Abrams, B. (2013). “Education and obesity at age 40 among American adults.” Social Science & Medicine78, 34-41.

This scholarly article assesses the relationship between education and obesity among American adults at the ages of forty. In the study, Cohen, Rehkopf, Deardorff, and Abrams (2013) accounted for other factors such as gender and racial differences too, as key determinants of obesity among adults. In the robust research conducted by the scholars, it is apparent that the rate of obesity is inversely proportional to the level of educational attainment. That is, based on their study, the higher the level of educational attainment, the lower the risks of being obese.

Additionally, the scholars hypothesized a high prevalence of obesity among whites and women as compared to adults from minority groups and the male gender. From their arguments, the lifestyles of most adults differ hence the differences in the risks of being obese. For instance, they mention that educated adults that are more knowledgeable on the health effects of prolonged inactivity and sedentary behaviors were less likely to become obese.  Therefore, based on the research, lack of information among many adults has led to rising cases of obesity amongst them.

Overall, this crucial scholarly article covers pressing issues on obesity among American adults.  It forms a foundation upon which future studies on the prevalence of obesity among adults in America can be based. The detailed information backed up with a thorough research study makes this article a good choice for the study of this health condition among the Americans. Compared to the first analyzed research study in this paper, this article brings more study on the factors and exhaustively discusses the relationship between education and age and how the two factors influence obesity prevalence among adults in America.

References

Befort, C. A., Nazir, N., & Perri, M. G. (2012). “Prevalence of obesity among adults from rural and urban areas of the United States: findings from NHANES (2005‐2008).” The Journal of Rural Health28(4), 392-397.

Cohen, A. K., Rehkopf, D. H., Deardorff, J., & Abrams, B. (2013). “Education and obesity at age 40 among American adults.” Social Science & Medicine78, 34-41.

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